Computer Security Resources



Make sure you turn on Automatic Updates. Go to Windows Update and “Check for Updates” and install the latest important updates. You do not need to download things like Bing Toolbar.

Windows Vista Service Packs

If you don’t want to wait for hundreds of updates to install, download the Service Packs.

Also, make sure everyday programs are up-to-date. These programs probably have an Updater program installed on your computer that may run automatically.

Adobe Reader: Check to see if you have the latest version.

Java: Version 6 of Java had a lot of security vulnerabilities, so go into Add/Remove Programs and uninstall Java 6 and make sure Java 7 is installed.

Make sure to update your internet browser, too!

Internet Explorer (IE)

This is a list of different IE versions to download. It should include a link to the latest version. Also, the latest version if IE is usually included in Windows Automatic Updates.


This explains how to update Chrome within the browser itself.


This explains how to update Firefox within the browser itself.


Make sure you have an Anti-Virus program running. You do NOT have to pay for McAfee or Norton. But make sure you have only one Anti-Virus program running, and uninstall all the others you do not use.

Microsoft Security Essentials

For CyberPatriot: Download English Version 32-bit (x86 NOT x64!)

Avast! Essential (Free)

AVG Antivirus FREE 2014

This is pretty good, but it constantly asks you to purchase their paid version.


For Ubuntu, if you think you need an Anti-Virus program on Linux. You can also download it through the Ubuntu Software Center.

Always check for updates when you install a new Anti-Virus program to download information about the latest viruses and threats.

Malware/Spyware/PUP Removal

Before running any of these programs, make sure you check for updates first to download information about the latest threats.

Also, after each scan, make sure you go in and select all the threats your want to remove and select the “REMOVE” option. The programs may or may not automatically remove the threat.

If a threat cannot be removed, most of these programs will “quarantine” it.

Most of these programs will also scan your internet browsers and remove unnecessary add-ons and toolbars.

MalwareBytes FREE

If you run a FULL scan, it can take a long time (a few hours), but it will find a lot of threats.


You don’t even have to install this program, and it runs quickly. This will take care of adware, toolbars, and potentially unwanted programs (PUP).

Spybot Search & Destroy (Older Free Version)

This not only scans your computer, but it can also “immunize” it and help prevent “malware from attacking your system by blocking access to sites known to contain malicious or unwanted software using a blacklist.”

Rogue Killer

This is a good program to run after the others listed above. It will catch some things the others didn’t include hijackers and ransomware.

Junkware Removal Tool

Similar to AdwCleaner, but it runs as text-only.

Vulnerability Scanners

Run this if you can’t figure out what else to do.

Microsoft Baseline Analyzer

For CyberPatriot: Download English Version 32-bit (x86 NOT x64!)

Bastille for Ubuntu

This explains how to run an assessment with Bastille, including how to install it in Terminal.


Ubuntu Resources

Uncomplicated Firewall (UFW)

UFW Help – This guide tells you how to enable UFW and set rules using terminal.

GUFW Help – If you are not comfortable using terminal, using the GUI option. But first you have to install GUFW from the Ubuntu Software Center or terminal using this command:

sudo apt-get install gufw

List of Ports – Depending on what the ReadMe file tells you about the function of your computer, you might need to write firewall rules to allow or deny certain ports.


Remember to Google the name of the service before killing it to find out what that service does and if it is harmful or necessary to your computer.

Killing Services Using System Monitor in the GUI

User Accounts

Ubuntu Security Guide: User Management – How to do the following in terminal: Add, remove, and change user profiles; change the password policy; learn about root.

Create and Delete Users with GUI

Create and Remove User Groups – With terminal or GUI

Editing Files in Terminal

Using vi – A step-by-step guide with pictures

Using nano – Visual explanation for using nano which is said to be easier that vi.


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